Role of CBT in Enhancement of Emotional Intelligence. The working group’s final report was signed and delivered to Guantánamo without the knowledge of Mora and the others who had opposed its content. The page you requested does not exist on the FOIA site on CIA.gov. Senior law enforcement agents with the Criminal Investigation Task Force told MSNBC.com in 2006 that they began to complain inside the U.S. Department of Defense in 2002 that the interrogation tactics used in Guantanamo Bay by a separate team of military intelligence investigators were unproductive, not likely to produce reliable information, and probably illegal. The CIA was unaware of Mohammed’s stature before the Abu Zubayda interrogation, the former agent said. The Central Intelligence Agency's use of "enhanced interrogation techniques" was "not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees," a Senate report claims. Former CIA operative John Kiriakou in 2007 told CNN’s “American Morning” that the torture of Al Qaeda’s Abu Zubayda indirectly lead to the arrest of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed: The former agent, who said he participated in the Abu Zubayda interrogation but not his waterboarding, said the CIA decided to waterboard the al Qaeda operative only after he was “wholly uncooperative” for weeks and refused to answer questions. Report… is a record of interviews with black site detainees, conducted between October 6 and 11 and December 4 and 14, 2006, after their transfer to Guantánamo. Central Intelligence Agency. Many of the interrogation techniques used in the SERE program, including waterboarding, cold cell, long-time standing, and sleep deprivation were previously considered illegal under U.S. and international law and treaties at the time of Abu Zubaydah’s capture. Covered are Attention Grasp, Walling, Facial Hold, Facial Slap (Insult Slap), Cramped Confinement, Wall Standing, Stress Positions, Sleep Deprivation, Water Board, Use of Diapers, Insects and Mock Burial. The working group based its new guidelines on a legal memo from the United States Department of Justice Office of Legal Counsel written by John Yoo and signed by Jay S. Bybee, which would later become widely known as the “Torture Memo.” General Counsel Mora led a faction of the Working Group in arguing against these standards, and argued the issues with Yoo in person. International calls on Obama to investigate and prosecute. Former Washington Post writer Peter Carlson notes that when it became known U.S. troops were waterboarding Filipino guerrilla fighters in 1898, author Mark Twain remarked, “To make him confess what? KUBARK Manual: Produced by the CIA in 1963 (and declassified in 1997), the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual served as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in exploitation techniques including, among other things, “coercive counterintel-ligence interrogation of resistant sources.” The manual A bill on interrogation techniques was passed on February 13, 2008 in the US Senate, in a 51 to 45 vote, limiting the number of techniques allowed to only “those interrogation techniques explicitly authorized by the 2006 Army Field Manual.” They also cite the U.S. Office of the Inspector General report which concluded that “SERE-type interrogation techniques constitute ‘physical or mental torture and coercion under the Geneva conventions. Dick Cheney stated: “I know specifically of reports… that lay out what we learnt through the interrogation process and what the consequences were for the country”, however the only examples publicly released that attempt to support this claim are: The claim that the waterboarding of Khalid Shaikh Mohammed helped prevent a planned attack on Los Angeles in 2002 – which ignores the fact that he wasn’t captured until 2003, and Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi who had confessed that Iraq had trained al Qaeda in the use of weapons of mass destruction which was then used as justification for the subsequent invasion of Iraq – a confession now known to be false. The letter was addressed to Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey observing that: “… information indicates that the Bush administration may have systematically implemented, from the top down, detainee interrogation policies that constitute torture or otherwise violate the law.”, “Because these apparent ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ were used under cover of Justice Department legal opinions, the need for an outside special prosecutor is obvious.”. An academic analysis by Professor Shane O’Mara of the Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience concluded that “Prolonged stress from the CIA’s harsh interrogations could have impaired the memories of terrorist suspects, diminishing their ability to recall and provide the detailed information the spy agency sought”. The following techniques were being used by the U.S. military: In November 2006, former US army Brigadier General Janis Karpinski, in charge of Abu Ghraib prison until early 2004, told Spain’s El Pais newspaper she had seen a letter signed by United States Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld that allowed civilian contractors to use techniques such as sleep deprivation during interrogation. This paper will discuss the leaked techniques approved by the Bush administration then later denied by Obama. On June 8, 2008, fifty-six House Democrats asked for an independent investigation, raising the possibility that authorising these techniques may constitute a crime by Bush administration officials. All that changed — and Zubayda reportedly had a divine revelation — after 30 to 35 seconds of waterboarding, Kiriakou said he learned from the CIA agents who performed the technique. On July 12, 2005, members of a military panel told the committee that they proposed disciplining prison commander Major General Geoffrey Miller over the interrogation of Mohammed al Qahtani, who was forced to wear a bra, dance with another man, and threatened with dogs. But I felt duty-bound to be true to the facts. In an article on the euphemisms invented by the media that also criticized NPR, Glenn Greenwald discussed the enabling “corruption of American journalism”: This active media complicity in concealing that our Government created a systematic torture regime, by refusing ever to say so, is one of the principal reasons it was allowed to happen for so long. Some of these psychologists essentially “tried to reverse-engineer” the SERE program, as the affiliate put it. That requires you going out to the American people and saying, ‘We’re looking at a tradeoff here folks, and I want you to understand the tradeoff. “Because specific intent is an element of the offense, the absence of specific intent negates the charge of torture”, Jay Bybee, then the Assistant Attorney General, wrote in the memo dated August 1, 2002. The terror suspect, who is being held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, reportedly gave up information that indirectly led to the the 2003 raid in Pakistan yielding the arrest of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, an alleged planner of the September 11, 2001, attacks, Kiriakou said. ‘Even though it may have worked, I still don’t want you doing it.’ That requires courage. During the American war on terror the Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld issued “enhanced interrogation techniques” that went farther than those authorized in the Army Field Manual. Columnist Marc Thiessen calls this view “ignorance of how CIA interrogations worked.” He asserts that during “enhanced interrogation” the interrogators only asked questions to which they already knew the answers in order “to create a state of cooperation, not to get specific truthful answers to a specific question.” They would not have asked for unknown information until after the subject was willing to talk, at which point the techniques would no longer be used. '”The methods consisted of making prisoners stand for long periods, sleep deprivation … playing music at full volume, having to sit in uncomfortably … Rumsfeld authorised these specific techniques.” She said that this was contrary to the Geneva Conventions and quoted the Geneva Convention as saying, “Prisoners of war who refuse to answer may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to any unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any kind.” According to Karpinski, the handwritten signature was above his printed name and in the same handwriting in the margin was written, “Make sure this is accomplished.”, On May 1, 2005, The New York Times reported on an ongoing high-level military investigation into accusations of detainee abuse at Guantánamo, conducted by Lieutenant General Randall M. Schmidt of the Air Force, and dealing with: “accounts by agents for the Federal Bureau of Investigation who complained after witnessing detainees subjected to several forms of harsh treatment. General Mukasey, just following orders is no defense! On March 8, 2008 President Bush vetoed this bill. Internal FBI memos and press reports have pointed to SERE training as the basis for some of the harshest techniques authorised for use on detainees by the Pentagon in 2002 and 2003. How can one know which it is they are telling? Enhanced interrogation techniques or alternative set of procedures were terms adopted by the George W. Bush administration in the United States to describe interrogation methods used by US military intelligence and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to extract information from individuals captured in the “War on Terror” after the September 11 attacks in 2001. These include: In December 2007 CIA director Michael Hayden stated that “of about 100 prisoners held to date in the CIA program, the enhanced techniques were used on about 30, and waterboarding used on just three.”. Mitchell and Jessen applied this idea to Abu Zubaydah during his interrogation. According to Jane Mayer, during the transition period for then President-elect Barack Obama, his legal, intelligence, and national-security advisers had met at the CIA’s headquarters in Langley to discuss “whether a ban on brutal interrogation practices would hurt their ability to gather intelligence,” and among the consulted experts: There was unanimity among Obama’s expert advisers… that to change the practices would not in any material way affect the collection of intelligence. The national security orders mandate that interrogation techniques in the Army Field Manual be used by all intelligence and law enforcement services; call … This has become a heated topic from the White House to every individual American. According to an item on ABC news in 2007 the CIA removed waterboarding from its list of enhanced interrogation techniques in 2006. In response, on January 15, 2003, Rumsfeld suspended the approved interrogation tactics at Guantánamo Bay until a new set of guidelines could be produced by a working group headed by General Counsel of the Air Force Mary Walker. Responding to the so-called “torture memoranda” Scott Horton pointed out the possibility that the authors of these memoranda counseled the use of lethal and unlawful techniques, and therefore face criminal culpability themselves. For instance, in … According to the Washington Post the request was denied because Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey felt that: officials acted in “good faith” when they sought legal opinions, and that the lawyers who provided them used their best judgment. Danner quotes the ICRC report as saying that, “in many cases, the ill-treatment to which they were subjected while held in the CIA program, either singly or in combination, constituted torture. How to Build Trust in a Relationship Using CBT? History will not judge this kindly.”, At least one adviser to Condoleezza Rice, Philip Zelikow, opposed the new, harsher interrogation techniques. (A water temperature of 10 °C (50 °F) often leads to death in one hour.). The Bush Administration attempted to collect all of the copies of Zelikow’s memo and destroy them. Where did the enhanced interrogation techniques used at Guantánamo originate? The less redacted version of the August 1, 2002 memo signed by Assistant Attorney General Jay Bybee (regarding Abu Zubaydah) and four memos from 2005 signed by Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Steven Bradbury addressed to CIA and analysing the legality of various specific interrogation methods, including waterboarding, were released by Barack Obama administration on April 16, 2009. 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